What does an otolaryngologist do?

Otolaryngology is said to be among the oldest of medical specialties within the entire country of the United States. An otolaryngologist is a physician that has been trained in both the medical and also the surgical treatment and management of patients who suffer from disease or disorders related to the ear, the nose, and the throat (ENT). They also work with related structures pertaining to the neck and head.

An otolaryngologist has special skills that include both the diagnosing and the managing of diseases related to the sinuses, the larynx (voice box), the upper pharynx (throat and mouth), the oral cavity, and also structures of the face and the neck. These specialists diagnose, treat, and likewise manage disorders that are specialty-specific, and they do the same for primary care problems in adults and children.

pediatricWhat does an otolaryngologists treat?

Ears: One in ten people resident in the United States suffers from hearing loss, at least from time to time. It is the otolaryngologists’ job to treat any disorders that are related to the ear. Otolaryngologists are trained in medical as well as surgical treatment practices with respect to ear infections, disorders related to balance, ear noise (tinnitus), pain in the nerves, and cranial and facial nerve disorders. They also manage disorders within the inner and outer ear that are congenital (from birth).

Nose:  Around 35 million people suffer from chronic sinusitis on an annual basis, thus making it among the most common health complaints within the country. Among the primary skills that the otolaryngologist possesses is care of the sinuses and nasal cavity. Care involved in the nasal area also encompasses sense of smell and allergies. The act of breathing through the nose, in addition to the appearance of the nose, are likewise among the otolaryngologists’ responsibilities.

Throat: Eating a meal and communicating in the form of speech and also singing involves the throat. The management of diseases related to the larynx (voice box) are under the remit of the otolaryngologist, in addition to the esophagus, otherwise referred to as the upper aero-digestive tract, as well as swallowing and voice disorders in general.

 Head and neck: The head and neck area include very important nerves that work to control smell, hearing, sight, as well as the facial muscles. Within the head and neck areas, otolaryngologists have undertaken training so as to successfully treat malignant (cancerous) and benign tumors, infections diseases, facial deformities, and facial traumas. Furthermore, they provide reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries for those who have the requirement.

Otolaryngologist training and patient care

The otolaryngologist can begin practicing once they have completed as many as 15 years in college in addition to undertaking post-graduate studies and training. So as to qualify for the American Board of Otolaryngology certification, the prospective otolaryngologist must complete college first, then medical school, which can take four years, then a minimum of five years whereby they will focus on a specialty over that time. Afterwards, the otolaryngologist will have to pass the examination set by American Board of Otolaryngology.

Additionally, otolaryngologists sometimes take on a single year or a two-year fellowship which provides them with further extensive training in any one of seven different specialty areas.

Those specialty areas include otology/ neurotology (inclusive of tinnitus, balance, and ears), pediatric otolaryngology (specifically working with children), allergies, head and neck, reconstructive surgery/ plastic surgery, rhinology (nose), and laryngology (throat). It’s not uncommon for an otolaryngologist to solely limit their own practice to one among the seven of these specific areas.

Why is it that otolaryngologists are the best physicians to treat ear, nose, or throat disorders, in addition to related structures within the head or the neck?

Otolaryngologists are very different from most other physicians since they have undergone training in medicine as well as in surgical procedures. Whenever there are problems that are related to the ear, the nose, the throat, the head or neck, and if there is surgery required, the otolaryngologist does not have to refer their patient to an alternative physician.

As such, the otolaryngologist is able to afford the most appropriate type of care for every individual patient they see.

If you are suffering from problems related to any of the above, get in touch with an ear doctor at the Riverside Medical group in New Jersey.