What Does an ENT Commonly Treat?

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An ear, nose, and throat doctor is one that has been trained in specific disorders relating to the ear, nose and throat and related areas of the head and neck.  This field of medicine is probably the oldest specialty in the medical field that physicians have been able to study, and initially included the eyes as well.  Sometimes your general physician may make a referral to an ENT specialist, or you may have decided that you need to seek out a second opinion. With GPS technology now added to many computers and smart phones, locating a nearby ear doctor is as simple as searching for “ear doctors near me”.  From there, you can ask around about the doctors on your list and look at patient reviews of the doctor.  Before you decide to begin your search, however, you should be aware of the areas commonly treated by an ENT.pediatric-ent-patient

Ears

            Ear, nose and throat doctors address conditions that affect ear function.  These conditions can be as little as wax buildup within the ear, or as major as deafness that has been acquired or present since birth.  They are able to fully and evaluate issues pertaining to hearing loss, ear infections, different types of disorders associated with ear pressure, ringing in the ears (also known as Tinnitus), or a number of different balance disorders.  They can also treat and manage chronic ear pain or infections among many other things.

  • Vertigo/Dizziness

Many things can cause a person to experience feelings of unsteadiness or dizziness.  Poor circulation, disease within the inner ear, the type of medication or how medication is being taken, injuries, infections, allergies, and even neurological disease can all cause these issues.  Your doctor needs to be able to accurately locate the source of your dizziness in order to determine the best treatment and help fix the problem.  Vertigo, dizziness, issues balancing, unilateral and bilateral vestibular dysfunction, and disorder within the inner ear can all be addressed by an ear nose and throat specialist.

Nose and Mouth

            ENT’s also treat conditions and disorders pertaining to a person’s nose and mouth.  Common disorders and conditions treated by this type of specialist are congestion, allergies, mouth sores, or a deviated septum.  Ear, nose, and throat specialists can evaluate and treat numerous problems infecting the nose and mouth.  They most commonly treat sinus infections, smell disorders, obstructions in the nasal passageway, nosebleeds, lesions or sores found within the mouth, or pain in the mouth.  These are just a few of the many disorders and conditions they are qualified to treat.

  • Allergies

            Nasal allergies affect many Americans every year, and is commonly referred to as hay fever.  Usually these problematic symptoms are said to be caused by fragrant flowers, but this is actually rarely true.  Typically, this can be caused by sensitivity to pollens, foods, and/or medications.  An ENT will be able to evaluate and determine the cause of your allergies in order to effectively address and treat the problem.

  • Sleep Disorders

Studies show that around forty-five percent of adult’s snore at least every now and then.  Twenty five percent of adults snore all the time.  Snoring, however, is an indicator of a much bigger issue.  It indicates that an individual is having trouble breathing and should never be taken lightly.  An ear, nose and throat doctor can evaluate and help you determine the source of the problem and may be able to offer solutions aimed at treating and/or fixing this oftentimes embarrassing issue.  Ear, nose, and throat doctors can treat numerous sleep disorders or issues breathing, including obstructions in the nasal passage, snoring, and sleep apnea.

Throat

            When you have a problem with your throat, it can range in severity from irritating to problematic.  Voice disorders, tonsillitis, and even a hoarse throat make it difficult for a person to communicate effectively with the world around them.  Pain experienced when swallowing, having trouble swallowing, changes in your voice, loud breathing, chronic coughing, and chronic throat infections are some of the most common, out of the many, disorders and conditions that an ENT specialist can treat pertaining to the throat.

Head and Neck

            Organs with common disease are included in the head and neck area of the body.  Often these areas are associated with common infections, but can also include conditions that are more serious like cancer.  Ear, nose, and throat specialists can treat problems pertaining to the skin, salivary glands, and neck, among others.  The skin covering the head and neck is more exposed to the elements than any other area of our body, which puts it more at risk for conditions resulting from exposure.  The head and neck have six major salivary glands within them and each can be affected with infections, tumors, or worse.  The richest network of lymph nodes is contained within the neck, and a number of different conditions can occur within this area.

            An ENT doctor can treat numerous disorders and conditions pertaining to this area of your body.  If you think you may need an ENT, you can ask your primary physician to make a referral.  If you do not want your primary doctor to refer you somewhere, you can locate one in your area by yourself, just make sure to take the time and evaluate reviews and feedback before making the appointment.